Amid bullish outlook, Haynesville gas producers gear up for record output in 2021
Author J Robinson spglobal.com/platts
Production averaging over 13 Bcf/d in January
Rig count hits 12-month high at 46 on Dec. 30
Tighter supply, record exports bullish for Haynesville
New York — Haynesville gas production is surging into the new year, climbing to its highest in nearly eight months, as operators there respond to a bullish outlook for the basin's strategically located supply.
In January, Haynesville production gas averaged over 13 Bcf/d as a wave of new rig additions lifts the basin's total to its highest since January 2020, data compiled by S&P Global Platts Analytics shows.
In the fourth quarter, operators in the Texas-Louisiana shale play added 10 rigs, bringing the total fleet to 46 as of Dec. 30, according to data published by Enverus. Following the fallout in commodity prices last March, the Haynesville is now the only major US shale basin to have fully recovered its drilling fleet.
As output from the Haynesville surges toward prior record highs at over 13.5 Bcf/d – now expected by mid-year according to Platts Analytics – gas production from associated plays like the Permian, the Eagle Ford and the Bakken has continued to stagnate compared to year-ago levels, leaving the Haynesville well positioned to supply a tighter US market.
US supply slump
In January, total US gas production has averaged just 90.7 Bcf/d – down more than 5 Bcf/d from its prior record high and about 3 Bcf/d below its early January 2020 level.
Reduced gas supply from oil-heavy basins has fueled a rally in the Henry Hub 2021 forward gas curve. In late October, the run-up in prices peaked as the calendar-year average topped $3.15/MMBtu.
While mild winter weather and elevated storage volumes have since dampened the outlook for prices, a modest recovery in the forward curve has taken hold since late December as forwards traders reconsider the steep and sustained selloff. On Jan. 5, the calendar-year 2021 Henry Hub price settled at an average $2.80/MMBtu – up about 13%, or more than 30 cents, from its recent low.
For Haynesville producers, current prices offer a generous margin to sustain future growth. According to Platts Analytics, the breakeven wellhead gas price for an average producer has improved significantly in recent years and is now estimated at around $2.50/MMBtu.
As lower US production continues to put domestic supply under pressure, record LNG feedgas demand at terminals along the Gulf Coast has compounded the tighter market balance, making the Haynesville's Texas-Louisiana location strategically well placed to benefit.
In January, total US feedgas demand has remained at a record-high 11 Bcf/d as US exporters look to capture multiyear highs in Northeast Asia's import market where the JKM settled Jan. 6 at nearly $20/MMBtu amid a regional cold snap and a surge in Japanese power prices.
With March-delivered cargoes priced at over $10 and April around $7, US exports could be expected to continue at or near full throttle through the first quarter. According to a forecast from Platts Analytics, export demand should remain near 11 Bcf/d through March before retreating below 10 Bcf/d from April to October as global demand wanes in the spring and summer.
According to Platts Analytics, the ongoing midstream buildout from the Haynesville is helping to debottleneck producer access to the Gulf Coast export market, making it strategically placed to supply exporters. In addition to previously completed expansion projects, which have recently added some 1.75 Bcf/d of capacity, a third project under development by Midcoast Energy – the CJ Express – promises to expand market access from the Haynesville by another 1 Bcf/d by later this quarter.
This is one of several bullish HA assessments I've seen published in recent days. This, while the Marcellus is producing little more than the sound of crickets for new exploration, and our closer neighbors Eagle Ford and Permian Basin continue to slump. While I don't wish ill on those who make their living from O&G in those regions, I commend the Haynesville drillers and operators for continuing to plug away and employ evolving technology to maximize returns in the face of sub-$3 gas.
Less associated gas from the Permian, increasing LNG demand on the Gulf Coast and something just short of $1/mcf in greater transportation costs for the Marcellus equal better economics for the Haynesville Shale basin. As long as the price of crude stays well below $50/barrel, the Haynesville will be the beneficiary.
Jan. 07, 2021 seekingalpha.com Written by Michael Boyd
Appalachia, without question, is the current king of dry gas production. The incredible rise in volumes from the Marcellus and Utica shale fundamentally changed the energy landscape in the United States permanently. For context, more than 40% of domestic natural gas production is sourced there, a percentage that has grown without fail, year after year, since horizontal drilling began in earnest.
That has often led to some interesting questions, including where benchmark natural gas should be priced. Today, that continues to be via the Henry Hub in Louisiana. Does that small area in Louisiana deserve to be the de-facto benchmark price nationwide, particularly as the area is losing relevance? No doubt that at least for the Eastern United States, Henry Hub has little relevance compared to more local hubs. Perhaps there needs to be change.
Not so fast. For a multitude of reasons such as its proximity to nearly all current liquefied natural gas ("LNG") export terminals and core industrial / commercial consumers along the Gulf Coast, Henry Hub has proven to be the more stable demand center. In-basin pricing issues, something I talked about in depth recently in its own focus article ("Appalachian Producers: Henry Hub Pricing Matters Less Than You Think") has led to wide differentials and poor spot pricing in local Northeastern markets. With most Northeastern natural gas volumes being used in the production of electricity and for heating, the current warm winter has led to a lot instability.
So much so that production curtailments have been a major thing, something nearly all Appalachian producers (Range Resources (RRC), Antero Resources (AR), EQT Corporation (EQT), Cabot Oil & Gas (COG)) have participated in to some degree. With wells being shut in, it's also no surprise that permitting activity has tanked - which actually might be an understatement. Monthly permit issuance fell to levels not seen in more than a decade. After all, why would a producer file for permits to drill new wells if those very same producers are considering cutting existing volumes? While there's a healthy backlog of drilled but uncompleted ("DUC") wells to work through, this will have to change soon. Even the advances in technology which have boosted estimated ultimate recoveries ("EURs") cannot offset this.
Haynesville shale, located nearby to Henry Hub, has seen much more steady permitting interest. Better local demand, plus the benefit of a little less deluge of associated gas production from the major basins in Texas, has really helped boost the prospects for Haynesville shale in 2021. While there's little chance of Haynesville overtaking production from its Appalachian competitor - current production is one third the rate - it could very well be the more stable basin in the coming years, perhaps even returning to incremental growth.
Many investors likely have not explored investment in this region. Unfortunately, most operators in the region are private equity backed companies or just straight-up private operations. Of the 43 rigs operable in Haynesville, just nine of those were operated by public companies. Comstock Resources (CRK) controls seven, with bankrupt Chesapeake Energy (OTCPK:CHKAQ) and small-cap Goodrich Petroleum (GDP) holding one each. That really makes Comstock Resources the only true option available to leverage that thesis. I've been surprised at how poorly the stock price has performed lately, especially in light of its advantaged access to better sales markets. That might soon change.
How this data impacts your thinking likely depends on your existing views. Bulls will say that weak permit issuance is a sign that these producers are going to be prudent users of scarce capital, instead prioritizing free cash flow to balance sheet cleanup and perhaps even equity returns (buybacks, dividends). Bears will say that low activity means that many of the problems Appalachia has been facing, such as takeaway capacity constraints or stretched storage, are not going to go away. For those who are a bit tired of that tug of war, shifting an investment to Haynesville shale might result in a little less frustration.